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Transport networks in Europe

Geography

Specific Objectives and Competences

  • To know the objectives and principles that determine European transport policy
  • To identify the main transport corridors for the EU.
  • To understand the need for sustainable transport.

Contents

  • The EU has had a common transport policy since the Treaty of Rome (1957) and in the 1970s this was extended to include the aviation sector.
  • The main objective of this policy is to guarantee the mobility of people and goods travelling both within and to the EU. This policy also gives special attention to improving safety, reducing noise and pollution and protecting the natural environment.
  • The transport sector is also directly related to the efficiency and competitiveness of the economy. Logistics contribute an important part of the final price of the products that we consume.
  • The transport networks of the European countries have traditionally been designed from a national perspective. To establish a multimodal network that integrates the land, sea and air networks of the European countries, the EU has promoted the creation of the Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T).
  • To help develop this network, the EU has provided its member states with a number of funding programmes:
  • To finance projects related to the Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T), these must be declared to be of community interest. To receive this status, they must meet the following requisites:
    • Facilitate transport.
    • Optimise the efficiency of the existing infrastructure.
    • Contribute to the interoperability of the network
    • Incorporate measures to ensure environmental protection.
  • Together with its member states, the EU seeks to tackle a number of future challenges facing the transport networks of the EU:

Debates

Based on data about sustainable transport (en, fr, es, it, pl)

Discuss which types of transport measures should be promoted in Europe.

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